Commissioner’s Speech on Flag Raising Day

Commissioner’s Speech on Flag Raising Day

H.E Prof. Sarah Anyang Agbor

Commissioner for Human Resources, Science and

On occasion of the celebration of the 7th Anniversary of the 6th
Region of Africa in Canada

Ladies and gentlemen

I am honoured to be part of this celebration of the 56th Anniversary of the African Union and the 7th Anniversary of the African Union Diaspora, also known as the 6th Region of Africa. I want to thank you for extending invitation to the Commission, this shows your commitment to join hands with the other regions of Africa to run along with the vision for the Africa We Want by 2063. I therefore, bring you greetings from the chairperson of the African Union Commission H.E Dr. Moussa Faki Mahamat. He extends fraternal greetings of love, peace and hope.

Speaking on behalf of the Commission, the 6th region of Africa is one of the building blocks of the African Union and therefore central to the implementation of the African Vision of ‘’an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena’’. You inviting the Commission to this event justifies our cooperate desire and a signal that Africa can no longer postpone taking action on its development agenda.

The willingness from the diaspora to work together with the people back home to build a prosperous and united Africa based on shared values and a common destiny is testament to this fact. Moreover, it is known that the Africa Dispora have some of the brightest minds and brains of the continent. Our cooperate steps towards a prosperous Africa is well-outlined in our people centred and long-term development blue-print Agenda 2063 that 3 our Heads of State and Governments adopted in January 2015.

Agenda 2063, “The Africa We Want”, charts the transformative path for inclusive growth and sustainable development of our continent, which will enable us to deliver on the rising aspirations of the African citizens and the world beyond.

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Today, we come together as one to celebrate our heritage and culture. The African Union sixth Canada family welcomes you to the annual Flag Raising event today.

Please Click on the image below to view the event schedule as it commences.

Thank you!

AU Countries

The AU has 54 Member States. The following list shows all members, in alphabetical order.

  • People`s Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Republic of Angola
  • Republic of Benin
  • Republic of Botswana
  • Burkina Faso
  • Republic of Burundi
  • Republic of Cameroon
  • Republic of Cabo Verde
  • Central African Republic
  • The Republic of Chad,
  • Union of the Comoros
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of Cote d’Ivoire
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of Djibouti
  • Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Republic of Equatorial Guinea
  • State of Eritrea
  • Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Gabonese Republic
  • Republic of the Gambia
  • Republic of Ghana
  • Republic of Guinea
  • Republic of Guinea-Bissau
  • Republic of Kenya
  • Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Republic of Liberia
  • Libya
  • Republic of Madagascar
  • Republic of Malawi
  • Republic of Mali
  • Republic of Mauritania
  • Republic of Mauritius
  • Kingdom of Morocco
  • Republic of Mozambique
  • Republic of Namibia
  • Republic of Niger
  • Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Republic of Rwanda
  • Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic
  • Democratic Republic of sao Tome and Principe
  • Republic of Senegal
  • Republic of Seychelles
  • Republic of Sierra Leone
  • Somali Republic
  • Republic of South Africa
  • Republic of South Sudan
  • Republic of The Sudan
  • Kingdom of Swaziland
  • United Republic of Tanzania
  • Togolese Republic
  • Tunisian Republic
  • Republic of Uganda
  • Republic of Zambia
  • Republic of Zimbabwe

African farmers can help to transform the continent

African farmers can help to transform the continent


Africa’s smallholder farmers not only have the potential to produce enough food for export – and thereby contribute to food security worldwide – but to help lead the way to robust growth and development across the continent. That is, if the right kinds of investments and policy approaches are taken to vastly improve their productivity through better access to technology, credit, transportation and markets.

The importance of farming as an income source in Africa was highlighted at this week’s meeting of regional agricultural ministers and experts in Cape Town, which was organised by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (Ifad) and takes place just before the World Economic Forum on Africa, which begins on Wednesday .

Agricultural markets are changing. We no longer need to think exclusively in terms of export crops because new market opportunities are emerging on Africa’s doorstep. As cities expand and incomes increase, people in urban areas are changing their eating habits and becoming consumers who want more meat, dairy products and vegetables, and they expect higher quality standards – we are seeing this across the continent.

In response to this demand, agricultural value chains are expanding and becoming better organised. These modern markets bring their own challenges for some smallholder farmers in terms of higher entry costs, but the potential opportunities cannot be overlooked. So, what needs to happen to make the most of these opportunities, and for smallholder agriculture to lead the way to economic growth and food security?

National governments and the international community need to reverse the longstanding neglect of rural development. There needs to be improved governance in rural areas, and policies that create a better economic environment for smallholder farmers to succeed and grow not only food but their businesses as well.

Rural infrastructure in Africa needs to be expanded and improved. Nearly a third of the rural population live more than five hours away from a market town, with fewer than 20% living within an hour of a market town. Only one in five Africans has access to a national electricity grid. Targeted investments in road-building and utility construction can go a long way towards improving farmers’ capabilities and access to markets.

The rural environment must be made less risky – and people must be helped to better manage risk, in their agricultural production systems and their lives more broadly through access to information and innovative insurance, savings and credit services that help them grasp new economic opportunities.

Governments and their partners need to make investments in the education and skills of rural people so they can make the most of new opportunities to engage in agricultural markets or work in non-farm industries. This should include strengthening their collective capabilities – and particularly farmers’ organisations – so that they can support each other in managing the risks they face, learn new techniques for improving their productivity and market their products.

Importantly, our investments need to recognise and address the major challenges and risks faced by rural people in Africa – such as the deterioration of the natural resource base, competition for land and water, and the effects of climate change on the rural landscape. Ifad’s rural poverty report outlines how small farmers can be helped not only to become more productive, but to farm in a way that is more sustainable in terms of natural resources, and more resilient to climate change.

If we can create the conditions for poor rural people in Africa to move out of subsistence and into the marketplace – then we will have our best chance to transform Africa into a continent that not only feeds itself, but also plays a key role in feeding the world.

Agriculture – African Leaders Meet on Boosting Agriculture

The potential for African agriculture to help lead the way to economic growth and development on the continent is in the spotlight as heads of state, agriculture ministers and experts, and leaders from the private sector gather in Cape Town. They are there for the African launch of the International Fund for Agricultural Development’s Rural Poverty Report 2011.


Black population in Canada – 1871 to 2006

Black population in Canada – 1871 to 2006

Black population in Canada by year

Year      Population            %
1871      21,500                0.6
1881      21,400                0.5
1901      17,500                0.3
1911      16,900                0.2
1921      18,300                0.2
1931      19,500                0.2
1941      22,200                0.2
1951      18,000                0.1
1961      32,100                0.2
1971      34,400                0.2
1981      239,500              1.0
1991      504,300              1.9
2001      662,200              2.2
2006      783,795              2.5

Regions with significant population in Canada as of 2006

Province                                     by number    by %

Ontario                                        473,765       3.9%
                                        188,070      2.5%
Alberta                                          47,075       1.4%
British Columbia
                            28,315       0.7%
Nova Scotia                                   19,230       2.1%
Manitoba                                       15,660       1.4%
Saskatchewan                                5,090        0.5%
New Brunswick                               4,455        0.6%
Newfoundland and Labrador
           905         0.2%
Prince Edward Island
                        640        0.5%
Northwest Territories
                        375         0.9%
                                              125         0.4%
                                            100         0.3%
Canada                                     783,795         2.5%


  • Nearly 30% of Black Canadians have Jamaican heritage.
    • An additional 32% have heritage elsewhere in the Caribbean or Bermuda.
  • 60% of Black Canadians are under the age of 35.
  • 60% of Black Canadians live in the province of Ontario.
  • 97% of Black Canadians live in urban areas.
  • There are 32,000 more black women than black men in Canada.
  • Compared:
    • Black Canadians – 783,795 (2.5% of Canadian population)
    • Black British – 1,464,000 (2.5% of British population)
    • Afro Australians – 160,000 (0.8% of Australian population)
    • African Americans – 39,500,000 (12.4% of American population)
    • Afro-Brazilians – 92,690,000 (49.5% of Brazilian population)
    • Afro-Colombians – 10,500,000 (21% of Colombian population)


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